Low level of testosterone in men of elderly and middle age is not uncommon, and often the cause is age-related changes. Approximately in 35 – 40 years, production of testosterone begins to decrease by 1 – 2% per year and by the age of 50 there is an androgen deficiency. If androgen deficiency is observed at an earlier age, then the cause of drop in testosterone is not in age-related changes.
Most Common Causes of Testosterone Reduction
Age. After a certain age period (40 years) decrease in testosterone production occurs. Decrease in testosterone is caused by age-related changes and is an irreversible process. Due to strong androgen deficiency, hormonal therapy is necessary.
Food. Inappropriate diet, lacking necessary vitamins and minerals for men, may be the main cause of low testosterone levels. It is important to provide body with building material for formation of testosterone molecule. The diet should include products that increase testosterone and exclude products that lower testosterone.
Excess weight. One of the most dangerous causes of drop in testosterone. What is dangerous for excess weight in men? First, production of male hormones is suppressed. Secondly, production of female sex hormones, estrogens, is increased. Estrogens in male body further inhibit production of testosterone.
Bad habits. Alcohol, tobacco, drugs contribute to decrease in testosterone.
Lack of physical activity. Physical training and exercises with weights contribute to increase of testosterone. This concerns moderate training plan (3 – 4 per week). Conversely, excessive physical activity and everyday exhausting workouts can cause low testosterone.
Low Testosterone in Men – Consequences
- decreased volume and strength of muscles. Testosterone has anabolic effect, i. e. is responsible for growth and strength of muscles. Therefore, with low testosterone, there is decrease in muscle mass and strength;
- decreased libido and erectile dysfunction. Since testosterone is responsible for sexual desire, along with its fall, there is a weakening of sexual desire;
- increased irritability;
- increased deposition of excess fat. Lack of testosterone slows metabolism, subsequently leading to deposition of fat;
- reduction of hair. Hair covering the body and face is one of sex signs of a man;
- gynecomastia (breast augmentation in men). It is observed at strong and prolonged decrease in testosterone.
If testosterone is not lowered to critical level, you can try to increase testosterone naturally. Otherwise, it is necessary to undergo substitution therapy with testosterone, which will be prescribed by attending physician.